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Unlike these lists, we did not count the accession agreements and service agreements that are signed at the same time as agreements on goods as separate ASPs. This explains why our number of agreements notified to the WTO is lower than that indicated by the WTO itself. Simmons, B., Elkins, Z. (2004). The globalization of liberalisation: political diffusion in the international political economy. American Political Science Review, 98 (1), 171-189. For these other datasets, see Estevadeordal et al. (2009) and world trade organization (2011). Kucik, J. (2012).
The internal policy of the institutional organization: the preferences of producers in relation to the rules of the trade agreement. Economy and politics, 24 (2), 95-118. Results (available on request) do not change if we include one-year and two-year delays in PTA and “depth” in the five-year dataset. In particular, the coefficient of these delays is positive and statistically significant. Baier, S., Bergstrand, J. (2009). Bonus Vetus OLS: a simple method to reconcile international commercial commercial effects with the gravitational equation. Journal of International Economics, 77(1), 77-85. Indeed, in our dataset, comprehensive free trade agreements have an average transitional period of 5.7 years, compared to 1.7 years for partial trade agreements. Customs unions also have a relatively long transition period of 4.5 years. Rose, A.
(2004). Do we really know that the WTO is increasing trade? American Economic Review, 94 (1), 98-114. Goldstein J, Tomz M, Rivers, D (2007). Institutions in International Relations: Understanding the impact of GATT and the WTO on world trade. International Organization, 61 (1), 37-67. Preferential trade agreements (EPZs) have grown more and more over the past two decades. A great literature has studied different aspects of this phenomenon. Until recently, however, many Large N studies have paid little attention to variations between PTAs in terms of content and design. Our contribution to this literature is a new set of data on the design of trade agreements, which is the most comprehensive, both in terms of coding variables and covered agreements. We illustrate the usefulness of the dataset to re-check whether and to what extent EDPs influence trade flows. The analysis shows that the PTA increases trade flows on average, but that this effect is largely fuelled by deep agreements. In addition, we provide evidence that regulatory provisions across the border are important for trade flows.
However, the contribution of the data set is not limited to the PTA literature. The new data will also benefit from a wider debate on issues such as the organization of institutions and the legalization of international relations. Preferential trade agreements (EPZs) have grown more and more over the past two decades. A great literature has studied different aspects of this phenomenon. Until recently, this literature treated all PTAs in the same way. However, the PTAs are very different in terms of design. In this article, we present a new dataset on the design of trade agreements (DESTA).