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They must take into account the terms of the corresponding agreement to define the rules in force – the relevant agreement is the agreement between the UNITED Kingdom and the country in which the worker has contributed (although the situation may be more complex in three or more countries). In general, these agreements provide that migrants must pay NIC unless international social security agreements are beneficial for both those currently working and those whose professional careers are over. For current workers, the agreements eliminate the double contributions they might otherwise make to social security plans in the United States and another country. For people who have worked in the United States and abroad and are now retired, disabled or deceased, agreements often result in the payment of benefits to which the worker or family members would not otherwise be entitled. Under certain conditions, a worker may be exempt from coverage in a contracting country, even if he or she has not been transferred directly from the United States. For example, if a U.S. company sends an employee to its New York office to work for 4 years in its Hong Kong office, and then re-opens the employee for an additional 4 years in its London office, the employee may be a member of Social Security under the U.S.U.K. agreement. The rule for the self-employed applies in cases such as this, provided the worker has been seconded from the United States and is under U.S. Social Security for the entire period prior to the transfer to the contracting country. The agreement with Italy is a departure from other US agreements because it does not regulate the people cashed in. As in other agreements, the basic criterion of coverage is the territorial rule. However, the coverage of foreign workers is mainly based on the nationality of the worker.
If an employed or self-employed U.S. citizen in Italy would be covered by U.S. Social Security without the agreement, he will remain covered by the U.S. program and exempt from Italian coverage and contributions. The bilateral social security agreement with Chile began on 1 June 2015. This guide has been updated to include Chile in the list of non-EEA countries that have a reciprocity agreement with the United Kingdom. This agreement may be amended in the future by complementary agreements which, as soon as they come into force, will be considered an integral part of this agreement. Despite the fact that the agreements aim to allocate social security to the country where the worker is most attached, unusual situations occasionally arise, where strict enforcement of the rules of agreement would result in unusual or unjustified results. For this reason, each agreement contains a provision allowing the authorities of both countries to grant exemptions from the normal rules if both parties agree. An exception may be granted. B in the event of an Overseas American assignment.